Gender segregation in small firms

W. J. Carrington, K. R. Troske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


This paper studies interfirm gender segregation in a unique sample of small US employers. We find that interfirm segregation is prevalent among small employers, as men and women rarely work in fully integrated firms. It also finds that the education and sex of the business owner strongly influence the sex composition of a firm's workforce. Finally, it estimates that interfirm segregation can account for up to 50% of the gender gap in annual earnings. -Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-533
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Human Resources
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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