Generalized Energy Storage Model-In-the-Loop Suitable for Energy Star and CTA-2045 Control Types

Huangjie Gong, Evan S. Jones, A. H.M. Jakaria, Aminul Huque, Ajit Renjit, Dan M. Ionel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The paper proposes a generalized energy storage (GES) model for battery energy storage systems (BESS), electric water heaters (EWH) and heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. The analogies, including state of charge versus water temperature differential, are identified and explained, and models-in-the-loop (MIL) are introduced, which are compatible with the Energy Star and CTA-2045 general specifications and command types. Emphasis is placed on the proposed EWH model as it needfully fulfills a gap in present literature. The corresponding MIL has been implemented in the DER integration testbed, which was originally developed by EPRI, and satisfactorily validated against experimental results. A case study is included to illustrate that the daily 'energy content' and 'energy take' for BESS and EWH with mixing valve technology are comparable for typical residential ratings. The BESS, which requires more initial investment, has advantages in terms of flexibility for contributing to grid services, which are illustrated through a combined simulation and experimental study based on data collected from a field demonstration site with four smart homes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021 - Proceedings
Pages814-818
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728151359
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event13th IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: Oct 10 2021Oct 14 2021

Publication series

Name2021 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference13th IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2021
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVirtual, Online
Period10/10/2110/14/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

Keywords

  • ANSI/CTA-2045-B
  • Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)
  • Co-simulation
  • Electric Water Heater (EWH)
  • Energy Star
  • Energy Storage
  • Heating
  • Home Energy Management (HEM)
  • Ventilation
  • and Air-Conditioning (HVAC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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