The generation of free radicals by Cr(IV) from lipid hydroperoxides was investigated by ESR spin trapping. The spin trap used was 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO). Reaction of Cr(VI) with ascorbate was used as a source of Cr(IV). Incubation of Cr(VI) with ascorbate generated Cr(IV) and Cr(V). Addition of cumene hydroperoxide generated DMPO/R adduct with an enhancement of Cr(V) signal. Addition of Mn(II), whose function is to remove Cr(IV), caused dose-dependent inhibition of DMPO/R formation. Similar results were obtained using t-butyl hydroperoxide. Metal ion chelators, deferoxamine, 1,10-phenanthroline and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid inhibited DMPO/R formation in the order of deferoxamine > 1,10-phenanthroline > diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid. The results suggest the possible role of Cr(IV) and its mediated free radical generation from lipid hydroperoxides in the mechanism of Cr(VI) carcinogenesis.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology