Elloramycin and oleandomycin are two polyketide compounds produced by Streptomyces olivaceus Tu2353 and Streptomyces antibioticus ATCC11891, respectively. Elloramycin is an anthracycline-like antitumor drug and oleandomycin a macrolide antibiotic. Expression in S. albus of a cosmid (cos16F4) containing part of the elloramycin biosynthetic gene cluster produced the elloramycin non-glycosylated intermediate 8-demethyl-tetracenomycin C. Several plasmid constructs harboring different gene combinations of L-oleandrose (neutral 2,6-dideoxyhexose attached to the macrolide antibiotic oleandomycin) biosynthetic genes of S. antibioticus that direct the biosynthesis of L-olivose, L-oleandrose and L-rhamnose were coexpressed with cos16F4 in S.albus. Three new hybrid elloramycin analogs were produced by these recombinant strains through combinatorial biosynthesis, containing elloramycinone or 12a-demethyl-elloramycinone (= 8-demethyl-tetracenomycin C) as aglycone moiety encoded by S. olivaceus genes and different sugar moieties, coded by the S. antibioticus genes. Among them is L-olivose, which is here described for the first time as a sugar moiety of a natural product.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
|Published - Jul 2000
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology