Generation of reactive oxygen species by co(ii) from h2o2 in the presence of chelators in relation to dna damage and 2’-deoxyguanosine hydroxylation

Yan Mao, Ke Jian Liu, Jin Jie Jiang, Xianglin Shi

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49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The generation of reactive oxygen species by Co(II) from H2O2 in the presence of chelators and related DNA damage was investigated by electron spin resonance (ESR), electrophoretic assays, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Incubation of Co(II) with-alanyl-3-methyl-L-histidine (anserine) and H2O2 generated OH radicals. Omission of any one component sharply reduced the amount of OH radicals generated, indicating that anserine modulated the oxidation potential of Co(II) to enhance its capability to generate OH radicals from H2O2. Formate only moderately decreased the OH radical generation, while ethanol had no observable effect, indicating that the generation of OH radical is site specific. The metal ion chelator 1, 10-phenanthroline reduced the OH radical generation, and deferoxamine suppressed it with the formation of deferoxamine nitroxide radical. Electrophoretic assays using both Hind III linear DNA and PM2 supercoiled DNA showed that OH radicals generated from a mixture of Co(II), H2O2, and anserine caused DNA strand breaks. A mixture of Co(II), H2O2, and 1, 10-phenanthroline also caused DNA strand breaks, which were inhibited by sodium azide, indicating that 102 was involved in DNA damage. HPLC measurements showed that OH radicals and 1O2 generated by Co(II) reactions caused 2'-deoxyguanosine hydroxylation to form 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine. ESR spin trapping measurements provided evidence for 1O2 generation by Co(II) from H2O2 in the presence of 1, 10-phenanthroline. The results indicate that the oxidation potential of Co(II) can be modulated by chelators to facilitate its generation of reactive oxygen species from H2O2. These species may be involved in Co(II)-induced cellular damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-75
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution

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