Genetic contributions to Left ventricular hypertrophy

Donna K. Arnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a common condition that profoundly affects morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and stroke. Noninvasive imaging methods have greatly expanded our ability to evaluate cardiac structural and functional characteristics, and enhanced our understanding of the natural history of L hypertrophy. The etiology of LV hypertrophy is likely due to the effects of multiple genes interacting with other genes and the environment. Although hypertension is recognized as a strong determinant of LV hypertrophy, blood pressure explains only a limited amount of the interindividual variation in LV mass. Moreover, LV hypertrophy occurs in the absence of hypertension, and in some cases precedes its development. Genes encoding proteins involved in the structure of the LV, as well as genes encoding cell signal transduction, hormones, growth factors, calcium homeo-stasis, and blood pressure, are likely candidates for the development of common forms of LV hypertrophy. An overview of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of LV hypertrophy and dysfunction is provided, in addition to evidence of the genetic basis for LV hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-55
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Hypertension Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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