Genetic counseling content: How does it impact health behavior?

Kimberly M. Kelly, Lee Ellington, Nancy Schoenberg, Thomas Jackson, Stephanie Dickinson, Kyle Porter, Howard Leventhal, Michael Andrykowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Women with hereditary breast-ovarian cancer face decisions about screening (transvaginal ultrasound, CA125, mammography, breast exams) and proactive (before cancer) or reactive (after cancer) surgery (oophorectomy, mastectomy). The content of genetic counseling and its relation to these key health behaviors is largely unexamined. Ashkenazi Jewish women (n = 78) were surveyed through the process of genetic testing and had audiorecorded counseling sessions available for Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count analysis. Proportions for participant and counselor cognitive and affective content during sessions were used as primary predictor variables in linear mixed models for change in intentions for screening and treatment and in self-reported screening. Cognitive and affective content were important predictors of behavior. Counselor cognitive content was associated with ovarian screening. An interaction effect also emerged for CA-125, such that counselor cognitive content plus participant cognitive content or counselor affective content were associated with more screening. Teasing out the factors in risk communication that impact decision-making are critical, and affect from a risk communicator can spur action, such as cancer screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-776
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Keywords

  • BRCA1
  • BRCA2
  • Cancer screening
  • Genetic counseling
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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