PURPOSE: Pre-operative induction chemoradiotherapy has been used to downstage advanced rectal cancers. The variation in response rates is believed to be not only dependent on tumor size but also on the biological properties of individual tumors. METHODS: We evaluated 17 rectal cancer patients treated with induction 5 Fluorouracil-based chemoradiotherapy and subsequent surgery. The pre-treatment biopsy specimens of these patients were analyzed with antibodies to Ki-67, p53, p21(wafl/cipl) MDM-2 and BCL-2 using an avidinbiotinylated peroxidase technique. RESULTS: There were 5 patients with a complete response and 12 patients with a partial response. The overall expression of Ki-67 was 100%, p53-76%, p21(Wafl/cip) -64%, MDM-2-47%, and BCL-2-60%. Among the complete responders the expression was 100%, 80%, 60%, 20%, and 60%, respectively, whereas among the partial responders it was 100%, 75%, 67%, 57%,, and 16%, respectively. We found the expression of BCL2 was the only significant predictor of response to preoperative chemoradiation. CONCLUSIONS: The immunohistochemical analysis for Ki-67, p53, p21(waf1/cip1), and MDM-2 in pretreatment biopsy specimens of rectal cancer is not useful in predicting response to induction chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancers. BCL-2 expression was highly statistically significant for complete response.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||The Journal of the Kentucky Medical Association|
|State||Published - Jan 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)