Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Genetic technology is often invoked by supporters as an emerging toolkit to solve medical, environmental, and industrial problems. These promises for radical change rely on defining genes as infinitely powerful, yet safely modifiable in the hands of experts. While organismal modifications have fallen short of the virtuous and monstrous imaginaries of supporters and detractors, respectively, biotech industries have created and modified numerous social and economic networks. By situating genes as socionatural, relational objects, geographers have developed an analytic approach that delineates how specific biotechnology networks rearrange diverse facets of life for individuals globally. In particular, scholars have highlighted the commodification of the gene through bioprospecting as well as the application of genetic technologies in conservation science, personalized medicine, and environmental justice.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Second Edition
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780081022955
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Bioprospecting
  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Socionatures
  • Synthetic biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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