Genetics, Genomics, and Emergent Precision Medicine 12 Years After the Equine Reference Genome Was Published

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The first equine reference genome was completed in 2007 and published in 2009. This major accomplishment has enabled equine science to advance in ways that broadly parallel the transformative impact that genomics has had on many animal species including humans. A conceptual overview of reference genomes, genome annotation, and the major implications for equine science is presented. The relationship between genomic sequencing and the accelerating application of precision P4 medicine is discussed in the context of human and equine patients. Emergent technologies built on the foundation of genomic sequencing and rapidly gaining traction in research and clinical settings are introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-181
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Equine Practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.


  • EquCab2
  • EquCab3
  • Equine
  • Genome sequencing
  • Genomics
  • Precision medicine
  • Reference genome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

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