Genome sequence, comparative analysis, and population genetics of the domestic horse

C. M. Wade, E. Giulotto, S. Sigurdsson, M. Zoli, S. Gnerre, F. Imsland, T. L. Lear, D. L. Adelson, E. Bailey, R. R. Bellone, H. Blöcker, O. Distl, R. C. Edgar, M. Garber, T. Leeb, E. Mauceli, J. N. MacLeod, M. C.T. Penedo, J. M. Raison, T. SharpeJ. Vogel, L. Andersson, D. F. Antczak, T. Biagi, M. M. Binns, B. P. Chowdhary, S. J. Coleman, G. Della Valle, S. Fryc, G. Guérin, T. Hasegawa, E. W. Hill, J. Jurka, A. Kiialainen, G. Lindgren, J. Liu, E. Magnani, J. R. Mickelson, J. Murray, S. G. Nergadze, R. Onofrio, S. Pedroni, M. F. Piras, T. Raudsepp, M. Rocchi, K. H. Røed, O. A. Ryder, S. Searle, L. Skow, J. E. Swinburne, A. C. Syvänen, T. Tozaki, S. J. Valberg, M. Vaudin, J. R. White, M. C. Zody, E. S. Lander, K. Lindblad-Toh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

621 Scopus citations


We report a high-quality draft sequence of the genome of the horse (Equus caballus). The genome is relatively repetitive but has little segmental duplication. Chromosomes appear to have undergone few historical rearrangements: 53% of equine chromosomes show conserved synteny to a single human chromosome. Equine chromosome 11 is shown to have an evolutionary new centromere devoid of centromeric satellite DNA, suggesting that centromeric function may arise before satellite repeat accumulation. Linkage disequilibrium, showing the influences of early domestication of large herds of female horses, is intermediate in length between dog and human, and there is long-range haplotype sharing among breeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-867
Number of pages3
Issue number5954
StatePublished - Nov 6 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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