Global burden of HIV/AIDS: A diverse pandemic

Ralph J. DiClemente, Richard A. Crosby, Jacqueline P. Sims

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Beginning with the observation that AIDS has a tendency to invade subpopulations within a nation that are the most marginalized, this chapter provides case examples of the epidemic within five different nations. Specifically, the authors discuss Lesotho, the United Kingdom, Thailand, Ukraine, and India. The chapter characterizes the vast differences that exist across the national HIV epidemics that comprise the AIDS pandemic. The authors examine specific vulnerable populations, such as sex workers, intravenous drug users, transgendered people, and men who have sex with other men. They also discuss the role of social conditions and social norms, such as women’s rights, not only in the spread of but also the treatment of HIV.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStructural Interventions for HIV Prevention
Subtitle of host publicationOptimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780190675486
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Oxford University Press 2019. All rights reserved.


  • AIDS pandemic
  • Diversity
  • HIV etiology
  • HIV risk factors
  • Social conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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