Glueballs at physical pion mass

Feiyu Chen, Xiangyu Jiang, Ying Chen, Keh Fei Liu, Wei Sun, Yi Bo Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Glueballs are investigated through gluonic operators on two RBC/UKQCD gauge ensembles at the physical pion mass. The statistical errors of glueball correlation functions are considerably reduced through the cluster decomposition error reduction (CDER) method. The Bethe-Salpeter wave functions are obtained for the scalar, tensor, and pseudoscalar glueballs by using spatially extended glueball operators defined through the gauge potential in the Coulomb gauge. These wave functions exhibit similar features of non-relativistic two-gluon systems and are used to optimize the signals of the related correlation functions at the early time regions, where the ground state masses are extracted. These masses are close to those from the quenched approximation and indicate the possible existence of glueballs at the physical point. The resonance feature of glueballs and the mixing with conventional mesons and multi-hadron systems should be considered in a more systematic lattice study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063108
JournalChinese Physics C
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Chinese Physical Society and the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Modern Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • exotic hadron state
  • glueball
  • lattice QCD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


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