Aged beef cows (≥ 8 yr of age) produce calves with lower birth and weaning weights. In mammals, aging is associated with reduced hepatic expression of glutamine synthetase (GS) and alanine transaminase (ALT), thus impaired hepatic Gln-Glu cycle function. To determine if the relative protein content of GS, ALT, aspartate transaminase (AST), glutamate transporters (EAAC1, GLT-1), and their regulating protein (GTRAP3-18) differed in biopsied liver tissue of (a) aged vs. young (3 to 4 yr old) nonlactating, nongestating Angus cows (Exp. 1 and 2) and (b) aged mixed-breed cows with and without COMPUDOSE (17β-estradiol) ear implants (Exp. 3), Western blot analyses were performed. In Exp. 1, 12 young (3.62 ± 0.01 yr) and 13 aged (10.08 ± 0.42 yr) cows grazed the same mixed forage for 42 d (August–October). In Exp. 2, 12 young (3.36 ± 0.01 yr) and 12 aged (10.38 ± 0.47 yr) cows were individually fed (1.03% of BW) a corn-silage-based diet to maintain BW for 20 d. For both Exp. 1 and 2, the effect of cow age was assessed by ANOVA using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Cow BW did not change (P ≥ 0.17). Hepatic ALT (78% and 61%) and GS (52% and 71%) protein content (Exp. 1 and 2, respectively) was decreased (P ≤ 0.01), whereas GTRAP3-18 (an inhibitor of EAAC1 activity) increased (P ≤ 0.01; 170% and 136%) and AST, GLT-1, and EAAC1 contents did not differ (P ≥ 0.17) in aged vs. young cows. In Exp. 2, free concentrations (nmol/g) of Glu, Ala, Gln, Arg, and Orn in liver homogenates were determined. Aged cows tended to have less (P = 0.10) free Gln (15.0%) than young cows, whereas other AA concentrations did not differ (P ≥ 0.26). In Exp. 3, 14 aged (> 10 yr) cows were randomly allotted (n = 7) to sham or COMPUDOSE (25.7 mg of 17β-estradiol) implant treatment (TRT), and had ad libitum access to alfalfa hay for 28 d. Blood and liver biopsies were collected 14 and 28 d after implant treatment. Treatment, time after implant (DAY), and TRT × DAY effects were assessed by ANOVA using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Cow BW was not affected (P ≥ 0.96). Implant increased (P ≤ 0.02) total plasma estradiol by 220% (5.07 vs. 1.58 pg/mL) and GS protein by 300%, whereas the relative content of other proteins was not altered (P ≥ 0.16). We conclude that hepatic expression of ALT and GS are reduced in aged vs. young cows, and administration of 17β-estradiol to aged cows increases plasma estradiol and hepatic GS, but not that of other proteins that support hepatic Glu metabolism.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Animal Science|
|State||Published - Sep 8 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by a University of Kentucky Lyman T. Johnson Fellowship (to EDM), the University of Kentucky, the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station (Publication No. 15-070-066), and Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (BWM)
1Supported by a University of Kentucky Lyman T. Johnson Fellowship (to EDM), the University of Kentucky, the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station (Publication No. 15-070-066), and Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (BWM). 2Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org Received May 11, 2015. Accepted July 9, 2015.
© 2015 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
- Alanine transaminase
- Glutamine synthetase
- SLC1 transporters
- Supplemental estrogen
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology