The combination of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and ionomycin produces a dramatic increase in the incorporation of [2-3H]mannose into Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-dolichol and glycoprotein, and the induction of RNA and DNA synthesis in murine splenic B lymphocytes (B cells). The kinetics of the induction processes and the concentrations of PMA and ionomycin required for the optimal response have been defined. While the levels of induction of RNA and DNA synthesis by PMA + ionomycin were similar to the mitogenic response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide, activation by PMA and the calcium ionophore resulted in a threefold higher stimulation in dolichol-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis and protein N-glycosylation. These results indicate that all signalling mechanisms that trigger RNA and DNA synthesis may not be sufficient to produce maximal induction of the N-glycosylation apparatus. 1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7), a potent protein kinase C inhibitor, prevented the induction of protein N-glycosylation activity (IC50 = 11 μm), as well as RNA (IC50 = 18 μm) and DNA synthesis (IC50 = 12 μm), two common indices of B cell activation. N-[2-(Methyl-amino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H-8) also inhibited the induction of oligosaccharide-lipid intermediate, glycoprotein, RNA, and DNA synthesis, but required higher concentrations than H-7 for 50% inhibition. N-(2-Guanidinoethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (HA1004), a potent inhibitor of cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases, had little effect on the activation of the B cell metabolic processes. The H-7-sensitive reactions involved in the induction of RNA and DNA synthesis occurred within 4 h, but induction of lipid intermediate and glycoprotein biosynthesis remained sensitive to H-7 for 10 h after exposure to PMA and ionomycin. Direct in vitro assays in the presence of 0.6% Brij 58 reveal that a cytosolic, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase activity is translocated to a membrane site(s) after treatment with PMA and ionomycin, and the translocated protein kinase is sensitive to H-7. The relative order of potency of the protein kinase inhibitors on the metabolic processes strongly supports the hypothesis that protein kinase C, acting synergistically with Ca2+ mobilization, plays a key regulatory role in the early stages of B cell activation. The synthesis of oligosaccharide-lipid intermediates and protein N-glycosylation are also shown to be induced in B cells activated by PMA + ionomycin.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics|
|State||Published - Nov 15 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology