In glycosyltransferase-catalyzed reactions a new carbohydrate-carbohydrate bond is formed between a carbohydrate acceptor and the carbohydrate moiety of either a sugar nucleotide donor or lipid-linked saccharide donor. It is currently believed that most glycosyltransferase-catalyzed reactions occur via an electrophilic activation mechanism with the formation of an oxocarbenium ion-like transition state, a hypothesis that makes clear predictions regarding the charge development on the donor (strong positive charge) and acceptor (minimal negative charge) substrates. To better understand the mechanism of these enzyme-catalyzed reactions, we have introduced a strongly electron-withdrawing group (fluorine) at C-5 of both donor and acceptor substrates in order to explore its effect on catalysis. In particular, we have investigated the effects of the 5-fluoro analogues on the kinetics of two glycosyltransferase-catalyzed reactions mediated by UDP-GlcNAc:GlcNAc-P-P-Dol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (chitobiosyl-P-P-lipid synthase, CLS) and β-N-acetylglucosaminyl-β-1,4 galactosyltransferase (GalT). The 5-fluoro group has a marked effect on catalysis when inserted into the UDP-GlcNAc donor, with the UDP(5-F)-GlcNAc serving as a competitive inhibitor of CLS rather than a substrate. The (5-F)-GlcNAc β-octyl glycoside acceptor, however, is an excellent substrate for GalT. Both of these results support a weakly associative transition state for glycosyltransferase-catalyzed reactions that proceed with inversion of configuration.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Oct 16 2007|
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