Glyphosate and shade effects on glyphosate-resistant soybean defense response to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Chad D. Lee, Donald Penner, Ray Hammerschmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Application of glyphosate in combination with planting soybeans in narrow rows is an effective practice for management of weeds in glyphosate-resistant soybean. Farmers in Michigan reported higher levels of Sclerotinia stem rot (caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) in fields of glyphosate-resistant soybean. Studies were conducted to determine if glyphosate or shading reduced the defense response of glyphosate-resistant soybean to S. sclerotiorum. Glyphosate caused shikimate accumulation in glyphosate-susceptible cultivar GL2415 but not in glyphosate-resistant cultivar GL2600RR. Ethylacetate extracts containing the plant defense compound glyceollin inhibited S. sclerotiorum hyphae in a rate-dependent manner. Glyphosate had no effect on either baseline or induced levels of glyceollin in glyphosate-resistant soybean, indicating that glyphosate did not impair plant defense responses to S. sclerotiorum. Shade levels of 60 and 90% in the greenhouse did not inhibit the induction of glyceollin synthesis. Glyphosate herbicide and shading did not affect the glyphosate-resistant soybean defense response to S. sclerotiorum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-298
Number of pages5
JournalWeed Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003


  • Glyceollin
  • Glyphosate-resistant soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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