Grape marc as a source of carbohydrates for bioethanol: Chemical composition, pre-treatment and saccharification

Kendall R. Corbin, Yves S.Y. Hsieh, Natalie S. Betts, Caitlin S. Byrt, Marilyn Henderson, Jozsef Stork, Seth DeBolt, Geoffrey B. Fincher, Rachel A. Burton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations


Global grape production could generate up to 13. Mt/yr of wasted biomass. The compositions of Cabernet Sauvignon (red marc) and Sauvignon Blanc (white marc) were analyzed with a view to using marc as raw material for biofuel production. On a dry weight basis, 31-54% w/w of the grape marc consisted of carbohydrate, of which 47-80% was soluble in aqueous media. Ethanol insoluble residues consisted mainly of polyphenols, pectic polysaccharides, heteroxylans and cellulose. Acid and thermal pre-treatments were investigated for their effects on subsequent cellulose saccharification. A 0.5. M sulfuric acid pre-treatment yielded a 10% increase in the amount of liberated glucose after enzymatic saccharification. The theoretical amount of bioethanol that could be produced by fermentation of grape marc was up to 400. L/t. However, bioethanol from only soluble carbohydrates could yield 270. L/t, leaving a polyphenol enriched fraction that may be used in animal feed or as fertilizer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-83
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015.


  • Bioethanol
  • Grape marc
  • Polysaccharide
  • Pre-treatment
  • Saccharification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'Grape marc as a source of carbohydrates for bioethanol: Chemical composition, pre-treatment and saccharification'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this