Grayscale drone inspection image enhancement framework for advanced bridge defect measurement

Euiseok Jeong, Junwon Seo, James Wacker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This paper presents a framework to better identify and measure defects in a bridge using drone-based inspection images integrated with grayscale image enhancement techniques. For this study, a DJI Matrice 210 drone was used for the inspection of a three-span timber bridge with concrete decking located in Keystone, South Dakota. During the inspection, the drone recorded a series of videos of the bridge using the MOVie (MOV, video file extension) video format. MOV-based image analysis was conducted to identify a variety of defect types (i.e., efflorescence, water leakage, spalling, and discoloration) on the bridge. For improvement of defect visibility, the grayscale image enhancement technique was applied to determine visually enhanced images for the individual defect. The technique used grayscale image histogram processing that can adjust images using realignment of contrast histograms, in which contrasts of each pixel of the grayscale images have their own number from 0 for black to 255 for white in the image. With the enhanced images, pixel-based measurement was conducted to quantify the defects, including efflorescence (3.75 m2), water leakage (4.21 m2), spalling (0.74 m2), and discoloration (2.12 m2). Based on these findings, the grayscale drone inspection image enhancement technique enabled the demonstration of defect visibility adjustment and improvement for more reliable identification and measurement of the defects in the bridge.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Record
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© National Academy of Sciences.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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