Objectives-Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) enzymes hydrolyze the sn-2 fatty acyl ester bond of phospholipids to produce a free fatty acid and a lysophospholid. Group V sPLA2 is expressed in cultured macrophage cells and has high affinity for phosphatidyl choline-containing substrates. The present study assesses the presence of group V sPLA2 in human and mouse atherosclerotic lesions and its activity toward low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. Methods and Results-Group V sPLA2 was detected in human and mouse atherosclerotic lesions by immunohistochemical staining. Electron microscopic analysis showed that mouse group V sPLA2-modified LDL is significantly smaller (mean diameter±SEM=25.3±0.25 nm) than native LDL (mean diameter±SEM=27.7±0.29 nm). Hydrolysis by group V sPLA 2 induced spontaneous particle aggregation; the extent of aggregation was directly proportional to the degree of LDL hydrolysis. Group V sPLA2 modification of LDL led to enhanced lipid accumulation in cultured mouse peritoneal macrophage cells. Conclusions-Group V sPLA 2 may play an important role in promoting atherosclerotic lesion development by modifying LDL particles in the arterial wall, thereby enhancing particle aggregation, retention, and macrophage uptake.
|Number of pages
|Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
|Published - Apr 2004
- Group V secretory phospholipase A
- LDL aggregation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine