Growth of Highly Stable and Luminescent CsPbX3(X = Cl, Br, and I) Nanoplates via Ligand Mediated Anion Exchange of CsPbCl3Nanocubes with AlX3

Md Aslam Uddin, Justin D. Glover, So Min Park, So Min Park, Jonathan T. Pham, Kenneth R. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional metal halide perovskite nanocrystals are attractive for their blue-shifted absorption relative to their 3D counterparts, narrow emission line widths, high absorption cross sections, and high radiative recombination. Herein, we report a ligand mediated anion exchange reaction that transforms CsPbCl3 nanocubes into anisotropic CsPbX3 nanoplates (NPs) through adding a mixture of dodecanethiol (DDT) and AlX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) to a solution of CsPbCl3 nanocrystals. The anion-exchanged nanocrystals consist of mostly plate-shaped CsPbX3 nanocrystals along {010} facets. Although DDT or AlX3 treatment alone results in increased photoluminescence quantum yield, φPL, the combination of both DDT and AlX3 leads to the formation of plate-shaped nanocrystals, higher φPL, and improved stability as compared to when only one of these is used. We suspect nanocrystal exfoliation driven by ligand penetration and self-assembly both play important roles in transforming the parent nanocubes into NPs. The NPs are highly emissive and stable due to the introduction of both an anion source and surface ligand. Nanoplates synthesized through DDT-AlX3 ligand mediated anion exchange show photoluminescence quantum yields of 47 and 65% for violet and blue emitters (CsPbCl3 and CsPbCl3-xBrx), respectively, near 100% for green emitters (CsPbBr3), and 81% for red emitters (CsPbI3), while maintaining good long-term stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5217-5225
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 23 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work, including funding for M.A.U., S.M.P., and K.R.G., was primarily supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences and the EPSCoR program, under Award Number DE-SC0018208. The TCSPC instrument was purchased by support from the University of Kentucky, Vice President of Research Equipment grant. J.T.P. and J.D.G. acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation, Division of Civil, Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation, under Award Number 1825258.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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