Cesium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals are photoelectric nanomaterials that have potential applications in a variety of areas due to their excellent photoelectric and tunable photo luminescent properties. In this work, we investigate the synergetic effects of reaction temperature, reaction-capillary length and flow rate on the growth kinetics of perovskite nanocrystals in a PTFE-based microsystem and the photoluminescence characteristics of the perovskite nanocrystals both on-line and off-line. The on-line measurement finds that increasing the reaction temperature leads to the increase of the wavelength of the PL emission peak of the synthesized nanocrystals and reduces the average size of the perovskite nanocrystals synthesized in long reaction-capillaries. The intensity of the PL emission peak of the nanocrystals synthesized at different reaction temperatures decreases with the increase of the flow rate. The off-line measurement reveals that increasing the flow rate generally leads to the blueshift of the PL emission peaks and the decrease of the average size of the perovskite nanocrystals synthesized at the reaction temperature of 160 °C in the capillary length of 60 cm. Increasing temperature leads to the increase of the emission wavelength of the perovskite nanocrystals from 560 to 608 nm. The temperature dependence of the average size of the synthesized nanocrystals with the same synthesis conditions at different temperatures can be described by the Arrhenius relationship with an activation energy of 8.54 kJ mol-1. Five different cross-sections of the synthesized perovskite nanocrystals are observed, including rhombus, hexagon, rectangle, square and quadrangle with three of them being observed for the first time.
|State||Published - Feb 6 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Natural Science Fund of China (51475166).
© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd.
- growth kinetics
- microreaction system
- perovskite nanocrystal
- reaction parameters
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (all)
- Materials Science (all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering