Health behaviors of rural white, African American and Native American elders

Ronny A. Bell, Sara A. Quandt, Thomas A. Arcury, Juliana McDonald, Mara Z. Vitolins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the prevalence and correlates of selected health behaviors among rural older adults. Methods: Data were collected from 114 elders (≥70 years) of 3 ethnic groups (whites, African Americans, and Native Americans) in two rural North Carolina communities. Self-reported health behaviors included diet, tobacco/alcohol use, exercise/weight maintenance, accident avoidance, and health care use. Results: High rates were reported for most behaviors and varied according to ethnicity, gender, age, health conditions, and self-rated health. Poor agreement was found for actual intake of dietary fiber and fat and self-reported adherence to recommendations for those nutrients. Conclusion: These data add to the limited information on health behaviors of rural elders, including ethnic minorities, and indicate that these behaviors may be difficult to implement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-360
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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