Health care providers' engagement in smoking cessation with pregnant smokers

Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli, Lorraine Greaves, Joan L. Bottorff, Lenora M. Marcellus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Objective: To review how health care providers' (HCPs) engage in smoking cessation (SC) with pregnant smokers, and to examine the effect of system-level approaches and training initiatives to promote SC provision by HCPs. Data Sources: A comprehensive search of the CINAHL, COCHRANE Library, EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and SIGLE databases was conducted. Study Selection: Selected studies assessed the behaviors of HCPs working among pregnant/postpartum girls and women, employed a quantitative approach, and had clearly defined behavioral outcomes of HCPs' delivery of SC to pregnant smokers. Data Extraction: A total of 988 studies were obtained from the literature search, of which 28 publications met the inclusion criteria. The data extracted from the articles are presented under the following areas: how HCPs are engaging pregnant smokers and approaches to enhancing SC by HCP with pregnant smokers. Data Synthesis: Although more than 50% of HCPs are likely to ask women about their smoking status and advise pregnant smokers to quit, fewer than 50% either assess readiness to change, assist in smoking cessation, or arrange for follow-up appointments/referrals. Important provider-specific, patient-specific, and system/organizational barriers were found to hinder the provision of SC by HCP. Several system-level and training approaches to enhancing HCP's engagement in SC with pregnant smokers show merit. Conclusions: Few HCPs working with pregnant women use all the components of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality clinical guidelines. However, system-level and training approaches are effective ways to enhance HCP's engagement in SC; although, the effects of such initiatives may not be sustained. Factors such as the gender of the provider, geographical location, and the use of women-centered treatment approaches could be further examined in relation to provision of SC by HCPs among pregnant smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-77
Number of pages14
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funded by Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative grant # 01979.


  • Clinical practice review
  • Evaluation
  • Health care providers
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery


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