Hedging the Price Risk Inherent in Revenue Protection Insurance

Sweta Tiwari, Keith H. Coble, Barry J. Barnett, Ardian Harri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Crop revenue insurance is unique, because it involves a guarantee subsuming yield risk and highly systematic price risk. This study examines whether crop insurers could use options instead of, or in addition to, assigning policies to the Commercial Funds of the USDA Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) as per the Standard Reinsurance Agreement (SRA) to hedge the price risk of revenue insurance policies. The behavioral model examines the optimal hedge ratio for a crop insurer with a book of business consisting of corn Revenue Protection (RP) policies. Results show that a mix of put and call options can hedge the price risk of the RP policies. The higher optimal hedge ratios of call options as compared to put options imply that the risk of increased liability due to upside price risk can be hedged using options better than downside price risk. This study also analyzed the combination of options with the SRA at 35, 50, and 75% retention levels. The zero optimal hedge ratios at each retention level and the negative correlation between RP indemnities and the option returns when the crop insurer mixed options and SRA suggest that the purchasing of options provides no additional risk protection to crop insurers beyond what is provided by the SRA despite retention limits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-530
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 4 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • crop revenue insurance policies
  • optimal Hedge Ratio
  • options
  • reinsurance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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