Background and aims: High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, therapeutic manipulations of HDL-C have failed to reduce CVD events. This suggests that HDL-C and the atheroprotective capacity of HDL are not directly linked. The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationships between HDL-bound proteins and measures of atherosclerosis burden and HDL function. Methods: The HDL proteome was analyzed using mass spectrometry in 126 human subjects, who had undergone coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to quantify calcified (CB) and non-calcified (NCB) atherosclerosis burden. Partial least squares regression analysis was used to evaluate associations between HDL-bound proteins and CB, NCB, or cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC). Results: Significant overlap was found among proteins associated with NCB and CEC. Proteins that were associated with NCB displayed an inverse relationship with CEC, supporting a link between this protective function of HDL and clinical plaque burden. CB was associated with a set of proteins mostly distinct from NCB and CEC. When CVD risk factors were evaluated, BMI had a stronger influence on important HDL proteins than gender, age, or HDL-C. Most HDL proteins associated with function or atherosclerosis burden were not significantly correlated with HDL-C. Conclusions: These findings indicate that the HDL proteome contains information not captured by HDL- C and, therefore, has potential for future development as a biomarker for CVD risk. Additionally, the proteome effects detected in this study may provide HDL compositional goals for evaluating new and existing HDL-modification therapies.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Nov 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
All funding for this study was provided by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Intramural Research Program .
- Cholesterol efflux
- Computed tomography angiography
- High density lipoprotein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine