High density lipoproteins are modulators of protease activity: Implications in inflammation, complement activation, and atherothrombosis

Scott M. Gordon, Alan T. Remaley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

High density lipoproteins (HDL) represent a compositionally diverse population of particles in the circulation, containing a wide variety of lipids and proteins. Gene ontology functional analysis of the 96 commonly identified HDL binding proteins reveals that almost half of these proteins are either proteases or have known roles in protease regulation. Here, we discuss the activities of some of these proteins in regard to their roles in regulating proteases involved in inflammation, coagulation, and complement activation, particularly in the context of atherosclerosis. The overall goal of this review is to discuss potential functional roles of HDL in protease regulatory pathways based on current literature and known functions of HDL binding proteins and to promote the consideration of HDL as a global modulator of proteolytic equilibrium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-113
Number of pages10
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume259
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016

Keywords

  • Coagulation
  • Complement system
  • High density lipoprotein
  • Inflammation
  • Protease
  • Protease inhibitor
  • SERPIN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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