High frequency somatic embryogenesis in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) using mature, dry seed

Charleen M. Baker, Richard E. Durham, J. Austin Burns, Wayne A. Parrott, Hazel Y. Wetzstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) somatic embryos were produced from the embryo axes of mature, dry seeds of cultivar GK-7. Percent embryogenic explants ranged from 88-100% using 10-40 mg/1 of 2,4-D in the induction medium. Neither 2,4-D concentration nor photoperiod during the induction period had a large effect on percent embryogenesis, mean number of embryos per explant, or embryo morphology. However, embryos obtained from cultures grown in the dark were easier to remove from the explant than those under a 16-h photoperiod. Somatic embryos developed on the epicotyl portion of the embryo axis, primarily on the young, expanding leaves. A survey of 14 genotypes indicated that genotype had a large influence on embryogenic capacity, with all genotypes being embryogenic to some extent. The ability to recover somatic embryos from axes of harvested, stored seeds represents significant advantages for the establishment of peanut embryogenic cultures, including the use of simple sterilization procedures and a constant source of explant tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-42
Number of pages5
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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