High-on/off-ratio graphene nanoconstriction field-effect transistor

Ye Lu, Brett Goldsmith, Douglas R. Strachan, Jong Hsien Lim, Zhengtang Luo, A. T.Charlie Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


A method is reported to pattern monolayer graphene nanoconstriction field-effect transistors (NCFETs) with critical dimensions below 10 nm. NCFET fabrication is enabled by the use of feedback-controlled electromigration (FCE) to form a constriction in a gold etch mask that is first patterned using conventional lithographic techniques. The use of FCE allows the etch mask to be patterned on size scales below the limit of conventional nanolithography. The opening of a confinement-induced energy gap is observed as the NCFET width is reduced, as evidenced by a sharp increase in the NCFET on/off ratio. The on/off ratios obtained with this procedure can be larger than 1000 at room temperature for the narrowest devices; this is the first report of such large room-temperature on/off ratios for patterned graphene FETs. High-on/off-ratio graphene transistors are fabricated using feedback-controlled electromigration to create etch masks for features down to 10 nm. By creating single constriction transistors rather than nanoribbons or quantum dots, the on-state resistance of the graphene is relatively high (50 kΩ), while large on/off ratios are maintained, even at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2748-2754
Number of pages7
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 6 2010


  • fabrication
  • field-effect transistors
  • graphene
  • nanoconstriction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials


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