Clinical Scenario: Patellofemoral pain is a common injury that affects both athletic and sedentary populations. Clinicians may treat patellofemoral pain more effectively through a comprehensive understanding of the most effective exercise protocols. clinical Question: In patients with patellofemoral pain, are hip abductor and external rotator muscle strengthening exercises more effective in reducing pain and improving patient-reported function compared with isolated quadriceps strengthening? Summary of Key findings: A comprehensive and systematic database search was conducted for studies of level 2 evidence or higher. The search yielded 253 studies; of these studies, four randomized control trials and one comparative control trial ft the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A combination of quadriceps and hip strengthening exercises or hip strengthening exercises alone reduced pain and improved patient-reported function compared with quadriceps strengthening alone. clinical Bottom line: There is strong evidence to support the use of hip strengthening or hip strengthening combined with quadriceps strengthening in the treatment of patellofem-oral pain to decrease pain and improve patient reported function. Strength of recommendation: The Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy recommends a grade of A for level 1 evidence with consistent patient-oriented findings.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training
|Published - 2015
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Human Kinetics – IJATT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation