Historic Record of Coal Fires in the Richmond Basin, Virginia

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2 Scopus citations


The first commercial coal mining in the British colonies (Eby and Campbell, 1944) began in c.1750 in the Richmond Basin near Richmond, VA, USA. European discovery of the coal dates to 1699 (Hibbard, 1990), and small mining operations for local use (Hibbard, 1990) preceded commercial mining in the region. The Richmond Basin refers to small rift basins near Richmond, VA, that are filled with Middle Carnian (Upper Triassic) coals and associated sediments (Figure 26.1.1). These sediments lie unconformably over the Viséan (Middle Mississippian; 330+/-8 Ma) Petersburg granite (Wright et al., 1975). A comprehensive modern history of the Richmond Basin coalfields is found in Wilkes (1988).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCase Studies - Coal Fires
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780444595119
StatePublished - Nov 20 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Coal
  • Lyell
  • Mine safety
  • Triassic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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