In the United States, Black men and women who are incarcerated bear a disproportionate and inequitable burden of HIV infection. While HIV knowledge does not consistently predict HIV risk behaviors, HIV knowledge can inform one’s perceptions of their risk for HIV. We examined gender differences in HIV knowledge and perceived risk of contracting HIV (N = 424) among Black men and women who were incarcerated and nearing community reentry from seven prisons in Kentucky. Our results demonstrated that women reported greater levels of HIV knowledge and perceived greater risk for contracting HIV than their male counterparts. Implications for HIV prevention interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-570
Number of pages5
JournalHealth Promotion Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research would not have been possible without the Department of Corrections participation; however, the findings and ideas presented are solely those of the authors. We appreciate the participants who shared their stories and acknowledge the contribution of the research team. This research was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01-DA022967, PI: Oser & K08-DA032296, PI: Stevens-Watkins). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Society for Public Health Education.


  • AIDS
  • African American
  • Black
  • HIV
  • health education
  • minority health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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