How Do Unsustainable Practices Remain Dominant? A Practice Theory Reinterpretation of Gramsci

Klara Scheurenbrand, Theodore Schatzki, Elizabeth Parsons, Anthony Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sociological studies of sustainable transformation have highlighted the relevance of ‘unequal’ and ‘uneven’ transformation dynamics. We argue that a practice-based approach provides far more insight into such unequal dynamics than currently recognized. We re-interpret the political concepts of agonism, antagonism and historic bloc that Gramsci used to analyse domination in order to theorize practice constellations and dynamics that are responsible for the perpetuation of unsustainable practices and the suppression of sustainable ones. Based on empirical findings, we also expand his vocabulary by introducing the concept of synergy. Using the example of urban cycling in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, we propose a Gramscian-inspired account of power and domination in practices as a way of understanding inequality in transformation efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-252
Number of pages22
JournalSociology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

Keywords

  • Gramsci
  • dominance
  • inequality
  • mobility
  • practice theory
  • sustainable transformation
  • urban cycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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