Patients with gliomas exhibit deficient in vitro and in vivo T cell immune activity, and human glioblastoma culture supernatants (GCS) inhibit in vitro T lymphocyte responses. Because APC are essential for initiating and regulating T cell responses, we investigated whether GCS would affect cytokines produced by monocytes and T cells from healthy donors of PBMC. Incubation of PBMC with GCS decreased production of IL-12, IFN-γ, and TNF- α, and increased production of IL-6 and IL-10. The GCS-induced changes in IL-12 and IL-10 occurred in monocytes, and involved changes in IL-12 p40 and IL-10 mRNA expression. Incubation with GCS also resulted in reduced expression of MHC class II and of CD80/86 costimulatory molecules on monocytes. The immunosuppressive effects were not the result of IL-6 or TGF- β1 that was detected in GCS. However, it was due to a factor(s) that is resistant to pH extremes, differentially susceptible to temperature, susceptible to trypsin, and has a minimum molecular mass of 40 kDa. Our findings show that glioblastoma-generated factors that are known to suppress T cell responses alter the cytokine profiles of monocytic APC that, in turn, inhibit T cell function. This model indicates that monocytes can serve as an intermediate between tumor-generated immune-suppressive factors and the T cell responses that are suppressed in gliomas.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Apr 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy