Human serum amyloid A protein. Complete amino acid sequence of a new variant

C. M. Beach, M. C. De Beer, J. D. Sipe, L. D. Loose, F. C. De Beer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Serum amyloid A protein (SAA), an acute-phase reactant and apolipoprotein of high-density lipoprotein, is a polymorphic protein with six reported isoforms. These are the products of three genes, i.e., cDNA pA1, cDNA pSAA82 and genomic DNA SAAg9, the last two being allelic variants at a single locus. We have identified an individual with additional novel SAA isoforms on isoelectric-focusing analysis. By using 3-bromo-3-methyl-2-(2'-nitrophenylsulphenyl)indolenine (BNPS-skatole) cleavage of the protein at tryptophan residues we obtained the complete amino acid sequence of a novel isoform. Additional cleavage by endoproteinase Asp-N allowed verification of the tryptophan residues and complete amino acid sequence of both isoforms. The suitability of this approach to the rapid sequencing of SAA was demonstrated. Sequence analysis and quantification suggest that these isoforms are the result of the first confirmed allelic variation at the SAA1 locus. We designate the protein products of this allele SAA1β (pI 6.1) and SAA1β des-Arg (pI 5.6).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-620
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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