Hydrogen peroxide formation and actin filament reorganization by Cdc42 are essential for ethanol-induced in vitro angiogenesis

Yong Qian, Jia Luo, Stephen S. Leonard, Gabriel K. Harris, Lyndell Millecchia, Daniel C. Flynn, Xianglin Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report focuses on the identification of the molecular mechanisms of ethanol-induced in vitro angiogenesis. The manipulation of angiogenesis is an important therapeutic approach for the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and chronic inflammation. Our results showed that ethanol stimulation altered the integrity of actin filaments and increased the formation of lamellipodia and filopodia in SVEC4-10 cells. Further experiments demonstrated that ethanol stimulation increased cell migration and invasion and induced in vitro angiogenesis in SVEC4-10 cells. Mechanistically, ethanol stimulation activated Cdc42 and produced H2O2 a reactive oxygen species intermediate in SVEC4-10 cells. Measuring the time course of Cdc42 activation and H2O2 production upon ethanol stimulation revealed that the Cdc42 activation and the increase of H2O2 lasted more than 3 h, which indicates the mechanisms of the long duration effects of ethanol on the cells. Furthermore, either overexpression of a constitutive dominant negative Cdc42 or inhibition of H2O2 production abrogated the effects of ethanol on SVEC4-10 cells, indicating that both the activation of Cdc42 and the production of H2O2 are essential for the actions of ethanol. Interestingly, we also found that overexpression of a constitutive dominant positive Cdc42 itself was sufficient to produce H2O2 and to induce in vitro angiogenesis. Taken together, our results suggest that ethanol stimulation can induce H2O2 production through the activation of Cdc42, which results in reorganizing actin filaments and increasing cell motility and in vitro angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16189-16197
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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