Hydrogen storage for fuel cell vehicles

Hyun Tae Hwang, Arvind Varma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

234 Scopus citations

Abstract

The concerns over diminishing resources and the environmental impact of burning fossil fuels have focused attention on the development of alternative and sustainable energy sources for transportation applications. In this context, hydrogen is an attractive option to replace current hydrocarbon-based systems. A major obstacle for the development of hydrogen powered fuel cell vehicles is the lack of safe, light weight and energy efficient means for on-board hydrogen storage. During the last fifteen years, significant effort has been made to develop effective hydrogen storage methods, including hydrogen tank, sorbents and metal/chemical hydrides. In the present article, we concisely review the current status of each on-board hydrogen storage technology, along with its advantages and disadvantages, and offer a perspective for future developments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Department of Energy, under Grant Number DOE-FG36-06GO086050 to the Purdue University Energy Center .

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy

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