Hydrogenation of Carbon Dioxide to Liquid Fuels

Muthu K. Gnanamani, Gary Jacobs, Venkat R.R. Pendyala, Wenping Ma, Burtron H. Davis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Catalytic hydrogenation of carbon dioxide (CO2) to liquid fuels has attracted considerable interest in recent years, as it provides an alternative to the conventional petroleum refining processes of crude oil. This chapter provides an update to the heterogeneously catalyzed processes and reaction mechanisms for hydrocarbon synthesis obtained from hydrogenation of CO2. The first part of the chapter focuses on the methanation of carbon dioxide. Later, a review of the progress in the elucidation of reaction mechanisms for the syntheses of methanol and higher alcohols from CO2 is presented. Finally, a summary of current understanding on catalytic reactivity and reaction mechanisms for hydrogenation of CO2 over Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS)-based catalysts is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Carbon Dioxide
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in CO 2 Utilization
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781118831922
ISBN (Print)9781118590881
StatePublished - Mar 10 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


  • Alcohol synthesis
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2) hydrogenation
  • CO2 methanation
  • Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS)
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Liquid fuels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering


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