Hydroxyl time-series measurements and simulations for turbulent premixed jet flames in the thickened preheat regime

Walter A. Guttenfelder, Galen B. King, Jay P. Gore, Normand M. Laurendeau, Michael W. Renfro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Quantitative measurements of OH concentration time series are presented for turbulent lean-premixed, methane-air jet flames theoretically in the thickened preheat regime. Picosecond time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence (PITLIF) reveals unique differences between these premixed flames and previous non-premixed jet flames. Time-averaged [OH] measurements are used to identify mean flame structures and to discern how these structures are affected by varying bulk flow velocities and heat release. More importantly, hydroxyl time series are inspected to distinguish among three main regions in these turbulent premixed flames. These regions include the reacting side of the flame brush, the mixing side of the flame brush (radially outside the location of heat release), and above the flame tip. Although the main reaction zone appears to be broadened by its associated high turbulent intensity, a combination of statistical analysis plus flamelet simulations suggests that the primary internal structure responsible for the OH distribution remains constant across the mean flame brush. Therefore, the absolute concentration of OH depends principally on the intermittency of this instantaneous internal structure. Outside the mean flame brush, mixing of OH with co-flow air shifts the distribution of absolute OH concentrations. Distinct autocorrelation functions are found within the three different regions identified for these premixed flames. Across the flame brush, integral time scales are dominated by turbulent convection, as verified by flamelet simulations. Above the flame tip, integral time scales are determined by a competition between turbulent convection and the reaction rate for OH destruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-403
Number of pages23
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Dr. Jun Ji (Purdue University) for providing the temperature data. This work has been supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, with Dr. Julian Tishkoff as technical monitor.


  • Hydroxyl time series
  • Integral time scales
  • Turbulent premixed flames

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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