Type II diabetes increases the risk for cognitive decline via multiple traits. Amylin is a pancreatic hormone that has amyloidogenic and cytotoxic properties similar to the amyloid-β peptide. The amylin hormone is overexpressed in individuals with pre-diabetic insulin resistance or obesity leading to amylin oligomerization and deposition in pancreatic islets. Amylin oligomerization was implicated in the apoptosis of the insulin-producing β-cells. Recent studies showed that brain tissue from diabetic patients with cerebrovascular dementia or Alzheimers disease contains significant deposits of oligomerized amylin. It has also been reported that the brain amylin deposition reduced exploratory drive, recognition memory and vestibulomotor function in a rat model that overexpresses human amylin in the pancreas. These novel findings are reviewed here and the hypothesis that type II diabetes is linked with cognitive decline by amylin accumulation in the brain is proposed. Deciphering the impact of hyperamylinemia on the brain is critical for both etiology and treatment of dementia.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Expert Review of Proteomics|
|State||Published - Nov 2 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors were supported by the Pilot Project from the University of Kentucky Alzheimer’s Disease Center: National Institute of Aging, 5P30 AG028383 Pilot Project DiaComp; the National Institute of Diabetes and digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Science Foundation CBET-1133339; National Heart, Lung, Heart and Blood Institute, R01HL118474 and the Alzheimer’s Association, VMF-15-363458. The authors have no other relevant affiliations or financial involvement with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript apart from those disclosed.
© 2015 Taylor & Francis.
- Alzheimer's disease
- cerebrovascular disease
- insulin resistance
- type 2 diabetes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology