Hyperspectral Image Denoising Using Nonconvex Local Low-Rank and Sparse Separation With Spatial-Spectral Total Variation Regularization

Chong Peng, Yang Liu, Kehan Kang, Yongyong Chen, Xinxing Wu, Andrew Cheng, Zhao Kang, Chenglizhao Chen, Qiang Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, we propose a novel nonconvex approach to robust principal component analysis (RPCA) for hyperspectral image (HSI) denoising, which focuses on simultaneously developing more accurate approximations to both rank and columnwise sparsity for the low-rank and sparse components, respectively. In particular, the new method adopts the log-determinant rank approximation and a novel $\ell {2,\log }$ norm, to restrict the local low-rank or columnwisely sparse properties for the component matrices, respectively. For the $\ell {2,\log }$ -regularized shrinkage problem, we develop an efficient, closed-form solution, which is named $\ell {2,\log }$ -shrinkage operator. The new regularization and the corresponding operator can be generally used in other problems that require columnwise sparsity. Moreover, we impose the spatial-spectral total variation regularization in the log-based nonconvex RPCA model, which enhances the global piecewise smoothness and spectral consistency from the spatial and spectral views in the recovered HSI. Extensive experiments on both simulated and real HSIs demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method in denoising HSIs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5538617
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1980-2012 IEEE.

Keywords

  • Hyperspectral image (HSI)
  • low rank
  • robust principal component analysis (RPCA)
  • sparse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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