Hypoxic repression of pyruvate dehydrogenase activity is necessary for metabolic reprogramming and growth of model tumours

Tereza Golias, Ioanna Papandreou, Ramon Sun, Bhavna Kumar, Nicole V. Brown, Benjamin J. Swanson, Reetesh Pai, Diego Jaitin, Quynh Thu Le, Theodoros N. Teknos, Nicholas C. Denko

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35 Scopus citations


Tumour cells fulfil the bioenergetic and biosynthetic needs of proliferation using the available environmental metabolites. Metabolic adaptation to hypoxia causes decreased mitochondrial function and increased lactate production. This work examines the biological importance of the hypoxia-inducible inhibitory phosphorylations on the pyruvate dehydrogenase E1α subunit. Pancreatic cancer cell lines were genetically manipulated to alter the net phosphorylation of PDH E1α through reduced kinase expression or enhanced phosphatase expression. The modified cells were tested for hypoxic changes in phosphorylated E1α, mitochondrial metabolism and growth as xenografted tumours. Even though there are four PDHK genes, PDHK1 is essential for inhibitory PDH phosphorylation of E1α at serine 232, is partially responsible for modification of serines 293 and 300, and these phosphorylations are necessary for model tumour growth. In order to determine the clinical relevance, a cohort of head and neck cancer patient biopsies was examined for phosphorylated E1α and expression of PDHK1. Patients with detectable 232 phosphorylation or expression of PDHK1 tend to have worse clinical outcome. These data show that PDHK1 activity is unique and non-redundant in the family of PHDK enzymes and a PDHK1 specific inhibitor would therefore have anti-cancer activity with reduced chance of side effects from inhibition of other PDHKs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31146
JournalScientific Reports
StatePublished - Aug 8 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Drs Giaccia and Koong and all the current and past members of the Denko lab for their helpful discussions and M. Kery for introduction to the CRISPR method. This work was supported by the NIH (grants CA067166 and CA163581) and co-financed by the EU and SAS (SASPRO Programme grant 0035/01/02)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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