Identification of a novel role for endothelins within the oviduct

Myoungkun Jeoung, Sungeun Lee, Hee Kyung Hawng, Yong Pil Cheon, Youn Kyung Jeong, Myung Chan Gye, Marc Iglarz, Che Myong Ko, Phillip J. Bridges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothelins were first identified as potent vasoactive peptides; however, diversity in the biological function of these hormones is now evident. We have identified a novel role for endothelins: a requirement for these peptides within the oviduct during fertilization and/or early embryo development. In vivo, treatment after ovulation with a dual endothelin receptor antagonist (tezosentan) decreased the number of two-cell embryos that could be collected from within the oviducts. In vitro fertilization experiments showed that gamete viability and their ability to fertilize were not affected by treatment with this antagonist, suggesting that the effect observed in vivo was mediated by the oviduct itself. Expression of mRNA for all three isoforms of the endothelins and both receptor subtypes was detectable within the oviduct. Expression of mRNA for endothelin-3 was regulated by gonadotropins in epithelial cells of the oviduct and increased specifically within the isthmus of this structure. Immunostaining revealed localization of both endothelin receptors A and B to the columnar epithelial cells within the oviduct, suggestive of a local role for endothelins in the regulation of epithelial function and ultimately oviductal secretions. A microarray analysis revealed three likely endothelin-regulated protein networks for future analysis: the TGFβ, IL-10, and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein superfamilies. Overall, these results suggest a novel and requisite role for endothelins within the oviduct during fertilization and/or early embryo development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2858-2867
Number of pages10
JournalEndocrinology
Volume151
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of a novel role for endothelins within the oviduct'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this