Identification of lidocaine and its metabolites in post-administration equine urine by ELISA and MS/MS

L. Dirikolu, F. Lehner, W. Karpiesiuk, J. D. Harkins, W. E. Woods, W. G. Carter, J. Boyles, M. Fisher, T. Tobin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Lidocaine is a local anesthetic drug that is widely used in equine medicine. It has the advantage of giving good local anesthesia and a longer duration of action than procaine. Although approved for use in horses in training by the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP), lidocaine is also an Association of Racing Commissioners International (ARCI) Class 2 drug and its detection in forensic samples can result in significant penalties. Lidocaine was observed as a monoprotonated ion at m/z 235 by ESI+ MS/MS (electrospray ionization-positive ion mode) analysis. The base peak ion at m/z 86, representing the postulated methylenediethylamino fragment [CH2N(CH2CH3)2]+, was characteristic of lidocaine and 3-hydroxylidocaine in both ESI+ and EI (electron impact-positive ion mode) mass spectrometry. In addition, we identified an ion at m/z 427 as the principal parent ion of the ion at m/z 86, consistent with the presence of a protonated analog of 3-hydroxylidocaine-glucuronide. We also sought to establish post-administration ELISA-based 'detection times' for lidocaine and lidocaine-related compounds in urine following single subcutaneous injections of various doses (10, 40, 400 mg). Our findings suggest relatively long ELISA based 'detection times' for lidocaine following higher doses of this drug.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Veterinary (all)


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