Identification of novel members of the serum amyloid a protein superfamily as constitutive apolipoproteins of high density lipoprotein

Alexander S. Whitehead, Maria C. De Beer, Diana M. Steel, Miriam Rits, Jean Michel Lelias, William S. Lane, Frederick C. De Beer

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165 Scopus citations


A novel serum amyloid A protein (SAA) has been identified as a normal apolipoprotein component of non-acute phase high density lipoprotein. This novel SAA has been designated "constitutive" SAA (C-SAA) to distinguish it from "acute phase" SAA (A-SAA). C-SAA was partially sequenced, and immunochemical analyses indicated that it constitutes a distinct subclass of apolipoproteins within the SAA superfamily. A C-SAA cDNA clone was isolated from a human liver library and sequenced. The clone predicts a pre-C-SAA molecule of 130 residues from which an 18-residue leader peptide is cleaved. The 112-residue mature molecule is 8 residues longer than human A-SAA; the size difference is due to the presence of an octapeptide between positions 70 and 77 that is not found in the corresponding region of human A-SAA. Paradoxically, octapeptides of similar composition are found at similar positions in the A-SAAs of a number of other species. The C-SAA octapeptide specifies the first two residues of a NSS tripeptide, the only potential N-linked glycosylation site in the molecule. Studies indicate that approximately 50% of these sites are glycosylated, thereby giving rise to two size classes, 14 and 19 kDa, of C-SAA in vivo. Human acute phase liver contains little C-SAA mRNA relative to the levels of A-SAA mRNA, and the treatment of PLC/PRF/5 hepatoma cells with monocyte-conditioned medium does not induce C-SAA mRNA concentrations to detectable levels, in contrast to the massive induction of A-SAA mRNA observed. C-SAA is therefore not a major acute phase reactant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3862-3867
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 25 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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