Identification of Quinone Outside Inhibitor Fungicide-Resistant Isolates of Parastagonospora nodorum from Illinois and Kentucky

Nathaniel H. White, Danilo L. Neves, Etta M. Nuckles, Lisa J. Vaillancourt, Jiawen Zhang, Guirong Zhang, Carl A. Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Stagonospora leaf and glume blotch, caused by Parastagonospora nodorum, is a major disease of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) in the United States capable of significantly reducing grain yield and quality. Pathogens such as P. nodorum that overwinter in crop residue are often an increased concern in cropping systems that utilize no-till farming. In addition, the lack of wheat cultivars with complete resistance to P. nodorum has led to the reliance on foliar fungicides for disease management. Quinone outside inhibitor (QoI) fungicides (Fungicide Resistance Action Committee group 11) are one of the major classes used to manage foliar diseases in wheat. Use of the QoI class of fungicides tends to select isolates of fungal pathogens with resistance due to mutations in the fungal cytochrome b gene. Isolates of P. nodorum were collected from Illinois in 2014 and Kentucky in 2018, 2019, and 2020.Amplification and sequencing of a segment of the cytochrome b gene from these isolates revealed a mutation at codon 143 that confers a change from glycine to alanine in the amino acid sequence (known as the G143A mutation). In vitro plate assays and greenhouse trials were used to confirm and characterize the QoI resistance caused by the G143A mutation. The frequency of the tested isolates with the G143A mutation was 46% (57 of 123 isolates) and 5% (3 of 60 isolates) for Kentucky and Illinois, respectively. This research is the first to identify the G143A mutation in P. nodorum isolates with resistance to QoI fungicides in Illinois and Kentucky.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The American Phytopathological Society.


  • cereals and grains
  • chemical disease management
  • fungi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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