Identifying factors impacting the efficacy of postmastectomy radiotherapy in patients with early-stage breast cancer and one to two positive lymph nodes

Neal Bhutiani, Michael E. Egger, Arnold J. Stromberg, Inder K. Bhutiani, Nicolás Ajkay, Kelly M. McMasters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: In women with T1-2 breast cancer and one to two positive axillary lymph nodes (LN) at low risk for recurrence, postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) may provide insufficient benefit to justify its toxicity. This study evaluated the interaction of factors associated with overall survival (OS) after PMRT in these patients. Methods: The National Cancer Database was queried for women with T1-2 breast cancer undergoing mastectomy with one to two positive LN identified on lymphadenectomy. Patients were grouped according to number of positive LN and then stratified by PMRT use. Differences in OS were evaluated. Results: Multivariable modeling demonstrated an interaction effect of age on the efficacy of PMRT. In patients more than or equal to 60 years old, PMRT was associated with improved survival when adjusting for age and tumor grade in patients with 1 to 2 positive LN (risk ratio = 0.62, 95% confidence interval = 0.40-0.93, P =.018). In patients less than 60 years old, tumor size and grade, but not PMRT, were associated with improved OS. Conclusion: For women with T1-2 breast cancer and one to two positive LN, PMRT's association with OS is influenced by age, tumor grade, and number of positive LN. PMRT appears to be associated with improvements in OS in older patients, but not younger patients, regardless of tumor size or nodal status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • postmastectomy radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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