Mast cell responses can be altered by cytokines, including those secreted by Th2 and regulatory T cells (Treg). Given the important role of mast cells in Th2-mediated inflammation and recent demonstrations of Treg-mast cell interactions, we examined the ability of IL-4 and TGF-β1 to regulate mast cell homeostasis. Using in vitro and in vivo studies of mouse and human mast cells, we demonstrate that IL-4 suppresses TGF-b1 receptor expression and signaling, and vice versa. In vitro studies demonstrated that IL-4 and TGF-β1 had balancing effects on mast cell survival, migration, and Fc«RI expression, with each cytokine cancelling the effects of the other. However, in vivo analysis of peritoneal inflammation during Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infection in mice revealed a dominant suppressive function for TGF-β1. These data support the existence of a cytokine network involving the Th2 cytokine IL-4 and the Treg cytokine TGF-β1 that can regulate mast cell homeostasis. Dysregulation of this balance may impact allergic disease and be amenable to targeted therapy.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - May 1 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy