Ileal endogenous amino acid losses: Response of broiler chickens to fiber and mild coccidial vaccine challenge

S. A. Adedokun, K. M. Ajuwon, L. F. Romero, O. Adeola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The effects of mild coccidial vaccine (5× dose) challenge and fiber levels on ileal endogenous amino acid (EAA) losses was determined in 26-d-old broiler chickens using the regression method. Birds were fed semipurified diets containing 3 levels of casein (40, 80, or 120 g/kg of diet) as the only source of dietary protein at 2 levels of fiber (purified cellulose at 25 or 75 g/kg of diet). One half of the experimental birds were gavaged with coccidial vaccine on d 20. The 3 levels of casein were used to determine EAA losses for each replicate cage of birds. The design of the study was a randomized complete block employing a factorial arrangement of treatments with 2 levels of coccidial challenge (control or unchallenged, and challenged) and 2 levels of fiber, with 6 replicate cages per treatment and 8 birds per cage. Birds were killed on d 26 and contents from the entire ileum were flushed with distilled water and stored at -20°C until processed. Ileal EAA losses were determined from the ordinate intercept, at zero amino acid (AA) intake, of the regression of ileal digesta AA concentration in milligrams per kilogram of DM intake against dietary AA intake in milligrams per kilogram of DM. The effect of fiber level on EAA losses, expressed in milligrams per kilogram of DM intake, were higher (P < 0.05) for most of the AA in birds fed 25 g of fiber/kg of diet. Coccidial vaccine challenge decreased (P < 0.05) EAA losses for 8 of the 18 AA. A significant interaction between fiber level and coccidial vaccine challenge was obtained for all AA except His and Lys. Coccidial vaccine challenge resulted in increased (P < 0.05) NaPi-IIb expression. The results suggest that ileal EAA loss is higher in challenged birds fed the diet containing 25 g of fiber/kg of diet. Changes in EAA losses as a result of dietary fiber level and coccidial infection are important in amino acid nutrition of the broiler chicken.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-907
Number of pages9
JournalPoultry Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Amino acid
  • Broiler chicken
  • Coccidial challenge
  • Endogenous amino acid
  • Regression method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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