Illite crystallinity and coal metamorphism for selected central Appalachian coals and shales

M. R. Bayan, James C. Hower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three Central Appalachian boreholes, each representing a distinct coal rank range (high volatile A bituminous, medium through low volatile bituminous, and semianthracite), were analyzed for vitrinite maximum reflectance and illite crystallinity for the coals and shales, respectively. The results reflect differential perfection of illite along its 001 crystallographic axis and its internal elemental arrangement, resulting from variations in ionic composition and strength of interstitial fluids and/or the type and composition of the dominant illite precursors. Despite the differences in the rate of metamorphic reaction in illite and vitrinite, generally, among the Weaver, Flehmig, and Kübler illite crystallinity indices, the Kübler index shows the best correlation with vitrinite maximum reflectance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-172
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Coal Geology
Volume94
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012

Keywords

  • Clay
  • Flehmig index
  • Kübler index
  • Vitrinite
  • Weaver index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Geology
  • Economic Geology
  • Stratigraphy

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